European Parliament: In Pictures

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1958: The First Assembly

Following the signing of the Treaty of Rome establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) in March 1957, the first meeting of the Common Assembly takes place in Strasbourg, France the following year.

The European Parliamentary Assembly has its first President Robert Schuman, who held this post until 1960.

1979: The First Elections

In 1979 the first direct European Parliament elections take place. It becomes the first international elections ever held.

410 members are elected across nine countries (France, Italy, Netherlands, West Germany, UK, Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, Ireland, and Luxembourg). The centre right EPP loses out slightly to the Socialists, but no group takes an absolute majority in what will soon become the standard in European elections.

1987: The Single European Act

Singed in February of 1986 and put into force in July 1987, the Single European Act aims to create a single market by removing barriers and harmonising standards.

From this declaration, the European Parliament now has a real say on legislation.

It introduces cooperation and assent procedures and makes the name “European Parliament” official.

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